The police are not here to create disorder; they’re here to preserve disorder…
– Richard J. Daley
The Philosophy – Care Courage Commitment
The Objective – Protection and Prevention
Police Legislation in India – The Police Act of 1861 remains the central piece of legislation that governs all aspects of policing in India. Much of police work is also administered by the Indian Penal Code (IPC), the Code of Criminal Procedure (Cr.P.C) and the Indian Evidence Act 1872. The 1861 Act was established directly after the Indian Mutiny of 1857. The experience of such firm resistance led the colonial rulers to impose a regime police force upon their subjects, which could be used solely to consolidate and perpetuate their rule in the country. In fact, the 1861 Act instituted a police system designed to be absolutely subservient to the executive and highly authoritarian.
Police & Politician Paradigm – It is well known that in any society, the police enjoy immense powers, which must be controlled to prevent their misuse. However, controlling the police becomes a source of tremendous power that can be misused to serve partisan interests. Balancing these conflicting ideas of how is the control exercised and the type of relationship that should exist between the police and the political executive that establishes and controls them is what will lead to an accountable and transparent police service. The need to condition the relationship between the police and the political executive seeks to work toward strengthening democracy, not limiting it.
Stats & Startling Revelation:
- State of Office – Almost majority of the 20,000 plus Police Offices spread across India are in bad conditions. The offices budgets are abysmally low in majority of the cases: For instance diesel for vehicle (200 liters per month) which gets exhausted in half the month, electricity budget are highly insufficient and hence many offices are in the defaulter’s list, Shortfall in budget is obtained through obligation and managed through forcefully from local people.
- Force Composition – 92% of the police force are constables. They have to subordinate to the instructions of the seniors and their freedom of say & scope of growth is highly limited. Low and almost no facility for rest, no holidays during festival time, job profile very monotonous, quarters for stay are really bad, personal life often pathetic, top of it very low salary. With such hardship, expecting sensitive and empathy is an enigma.
- Police Force Deployment – One audit on deployed force showed some 5000 plus forces around 10 battalions’ whereabouts were not found in terms of their exact deployment. Inference was primarily many work force gets engaged in non-policing work. So, where is question of questioning them on their primary policing work?
- FIR & Complaints – As per various study analysis, the verbal FIR get registers are very less and the presented data are not correct. For instance the register crimes in states of India in on such study were startling. The finding was one lac in state of Kerala and zero in the state of Haryana; and similarly in phone call complaints recorded on Dial 100 were 30000 in Kerala and again zero in the state of Haryana.
Police Organization Structure – The hierarchical structure of the police in India follows a vertical alignment consisting of senior officers drawn, by and large, from The Indian Police Service (IPS) who do the supervisory work, the “upper subordinates” (inspectors, sub-inspectors, and asst. sub-inspectors) who work generally at the police station level, and the police constabulary who are delegated the patrolling, surveillance, guard duties, and law and order work. The constabulary accounts for almost ninety percentage of total police strength.
Transforming the Force – Jana Maitri in Kerala Police an initiative aimed at transforming the image of the force and infusing a new reality in the minds of the common people. The Jana Maitri Suraksha project has turned out to be a multi-faceted boon for the police, with crime coming down, awareness being spread on traffic safety and also by helping police elicit information on illegal activities more easily.
The basic truth is that for policing to transform, it is necessary for the government – to whose authority police are subject to, itself be committed to democratic norms and checks and balances, and importantly see the police as an instrument for protecting the safety and democratic rights of the people. Mixing with people, encouraging, them training for children gaining their confidence, support for running local hospitals.
Generally the common man is fearful of police whereas it was meant for the deterrence of criminals. People shouldn’t run away from Police, law is on there side and for them. We need to create conducive environment; such that even children can visit a post and register a complaint. The morale of constable are built through multiple initiatives like only eight hrs of duty for them to able to balance their personal life with their professional, deployment of female constables in all branch, reserving one-third of women in police force, community policing, reform for constable career growth, police becoming friends of common people, thereby transforming the dream of good policing into a reality.